Dice from the Mohenjo Daro Excavation
There is something both elegant and disturbing about the above pictured dice. Elegant because, as is the nature of dice, they are simple in their design and complex in their utility. They are a little disturbing, however, because they are roughly 4,500 years old.
Inhabitants of Mohenjo Daro, located in the Indus Valley (modern Pakistan), were playing dice games much as we do today. There are, however, some subtle differences. Unlike today's dice, the 1 is on the opposite side from 2, 3 is on the opposite side from 4, and 5 is on the opposite side from 6. Other than that, they look like they could have just been created .
Mohenjo Daro must have been a prosperous place because people (and seemingly adults) had time to play and possibly gamble. Above are game pieces and boards also found at the site.
The above wheeled ram was apparently the Mohenjo Daro version of Hot Wheels. Its interesting that its creator did not depict it with feet but rather with wheels and a place at the back for pushing and steering. It's surprisingly modern in its design.
I find that looking at these toys reminds me that toys are as ancient as civilization; that people have always wanted to play and that the materials we work with may be different but the toys we make really aren't that different than those created by these ancient intellectual property creators.